Marine Biological Journal 2024-05-20T08:07:37+00:00 Yulia Kornyychuk / Юлия Михайловна Корнийчук Open Journal Systems <p>Морской биологический журнал Marine Biological Journal.</p> <div><em><strong>Launched in February 2016.</strong></em></div> <div><em><strong>Certificates of registration:</strong></em></div> <div>print version: <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">ПИ № ФС 77 - 76872 of 24.09.2019</a>.</div> <div> <div><em><strong>Founder:</strong></em></div> <div>A. O. Kovalevsky Institute of Biology of the Southern Seas of RAS.</div> </div> <div><em><strong>Publishers</strong></em>:</div> <div><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">A. O. Kovalevsky Institute of Biology of the Southern Seas of RAS</a>,</div> <div><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Zoological Institute of RAS</a>.</div> <div>ISSN 2499-9768 print.</div> <div><em><strong>Languages: </strong></em>Russian, English.</div> <div><em><strong>Publication frequency:</strong></em> four issues a year.</div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Indexed by Scopus and Web of Science. Included in the Russian Science Citation Index database.</strong></div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Authors do not need to pay an article-processing charge.</strong></div> <div>The payment of royalties is not provided.</div> <div> </div> <div>Author recieves one copy of printed version of the journal as well as .pdf file.</div> <div> </div> <div> <div class="siteorigin-widget-tinymce textwidget"> <p>Marine Biological Journal is an open access, peer reviewed (double-blind) journal. The journal publishes original articles as well as reviews and brief reports and notes focused on new data of theoretical and experimental research in the fields of marine biology, diversity of marine organisms and their populations and communities, patterns of distribution of animals and plants in the World Ocean, the results of a comprehensive studies of marine and oceanic ecosystems, anthropogenic impact on marine organisms and on the ecosystems.</p> <p>Intended audience: biologists, hydrobiologists, ecologists, radiobiologists, biophysicists, oceanologists, geographers, scientists of other related specialties, graduate students, and students of relevant scientific profiles.</p> <p>The subscription index in the <a title="Russian Press MBJ" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Russian Press</a> catalogue is Е38872.</p> </div> </div> Peculiarities of population structure and biocenotic relationships of Rapana venosa (Valenciennes, 1846) (Gastropoda, Muricidae) in the Donuzlav Bay (the Black Sea) 2024-02-12T06:59:18+00:00 I. Bondarev <p>The Western Pacific gastropod <em>Rapana venosa</em> (Valenciennes, 1846) is classified among the hundred most dangerous invasive species of the Black and Mediterranean seas. Moreover, it is recognized as a dangerous invader in a number of coastal water areas on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean that determines the relevance of the study of population characteristics and biocenotic relationships of the rapa whelk in the areas of its invasion. The analysis of a previously unexplored <em>R. venosa</em> population in the Donuzlav Bay (the Northwestern Crimea) of the Black Sea in 2020 showed as follows: in the occurrence of an abundant and diverse food base, the rapa whelk does not form mass aggregations and, consequently, does not significantly affect benthic biocenoses. This fact is also confirmed by the ratio of biomass of the predatory mollusc and its prey. <em>R. venosa</em> mean biomass in the study area was 3.8 g·m<sup>−2</sup>, and the mean biomass of its food objects (Bivalvia) was 162.8 g·m<sup>−2</sup>. The features of the population structure and biocenotic relationships of the rapa whelk in the Donuzlav Bay are considered and discussed for the first time. Direct underwater observations and indirect evidence indicate that the distribution of this invader is controlled by aboriginal predators, crabs. The main species limiting <em>R. venosa</em> abundance in the study area is the crab <em>Carcinus aestuarii</em> Nardo, 1847.</p> 2024-05-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 A. O. Kovalevsky Institute of Biology of the Southern Seas of RAS Distribution and abundance of water birds and seabirds in some areas of the southwestern Kara Sea in the summer-autumn period 2015–2020 2024-02-12T06:45:26+00:00 Yu. Goryaev A. Ezhov N. Ponomartsev N. Paramonov S. Petrov <p>The southwestern Kara Sea is a scarce studied area in terms of summer-autumn migrations and feeding nomadism of water birds and seabirds. Its shelf includes promising areas for extraction of hydrocarbon raw materials and intensification of navigation along the Northern Sea Route, which makes it necessary to carry out constant monitoring of birds in the area of possible negative effect of those factors. In August–September 2015–2016 and 2018–2020 and in late September–first and second decades of October 2017, bird counts were carried out in the southwestern Kara Sea. Method of ship transect census was applied to obtain the abundance of individuals <em>per</em> 1 km². For this water area, 28 species of birds representing 7 families were identified (Gaviidae, Sulidae, Procellariidae, Anatidae, Laridae, Stercorariidae, and Alcidae), including 6 species of conservation status. For the group of water birds, the data obtained in August–October are most detailed for the black-throated diver, long-tailed duck, and king eider (Gaviidae and Anatidae). <em>Prior</em> to autumn migration (August), their abundance increased in the shallow area adjacent to the coast, later followed by their dispersal to deeper areas west of the Yamal Peninsula. In coastal shallow areas, the population density during the period of the most active colonization of this biotope is as follows (ind.·km<sup>−2</sup>): (0.17 ± 0.036) for the black-throated diver, (4.87 ± 1.2) for the long-tailed duck, and (2.1 ± 1.25) for the king eider. Presumably, the values are significantly higher for all three species at shorter distances from the coast not examined from the vessel. Other species of the group of water birds (the red-throated diver, Steller’s eider, dark-bellied brant goose, European white-fronted goose, and bean goose) are rare in open waters and, apparently, are mainly confined to a narrower coastal zone during the entire summer-autumn period. The same indicator of abundance of migratory seabirds (Procellariidae, Laridae, Stercorariidae, and Alcidae), calculated for the entire water area of the survey site, averaged for 5 years for August–September (ind.·km<sup>−2</sup>): (0.078 ± 0.026) for the fulmar, (0.067 ± 0.014) for the glaucous gull, (0.061 ± 0.016) for the black-legged kittiwake, (0.025 ± 0.015) for the Arctic tern, (0.066 ± 0.0049) for the Heuglin’s gull, (0.046 ± 0.0074) for the pomarine skua, (0.014 ± 0.0023) for the Arctic skua, (0.0039 ± 0.00095) for the long-tailed skua, (0.16 ± 0.094) for the Brünnich’s guillemot, and (0.0026 ± 0.0012) for the black guillemot. In late September and October, the abundance of the black-legged kittiwake, fulmar, and Brünnich’s guillemot slightly decreases or remains at the level of September one, while the abundance of the black guillemot increases by 7 times. The Arctic tern, Heuglin’s gull, and long-tailed skua disappear from the water area. The glaucous gull, pomarine skua, and Arctic skua become much rarer or almost disappear (5-, 40-, and 30-fold drop in abundance, respectively). In general, in the long-term aspect, the fulmar, three Stercorariidae species, the glaucous gull, black-legged kittiwake, Arctic tern, and black guillemot colonize the entire survey site. Interestingly, for the fulmar, black-legged kittiwake, and glaucous gull, uneven distribution is recorded in some years, which is expressed in significant (3 to 17 times) differences in abundance between large (about 25 thousand km²) spots of the studied water area. During their entire stay at the survey site, the Heuglin’s gull and Arctic tern are mainly confined to coastal shallow areas; there, up to 80–90% of the total abundance of individuals in the studied water area is concentrated during periods of seasonal maximum. On the contrary, the Brünnich’s guillemot avoids shallow areas (depth of &lt; 50 m). Rare species are vagrant ones (the northern gannet, black-headed gull, European herring gull, and common gull), those found in the peripheral area of their common range (the great skua and grey petrel), and those considered rare at the present stage of the existence of their populations (the white-billed diver). Also, rare species are the birds with insufficiently studied main habitat (the velvet scoter, Steller’s eider, dark-bellied brant goose, bean goose, and European white-fronted goose) and seasonally rare ones (the little auk).</p> 2024-05-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 A. O. Kovalevsky Institute of Biology of the Southern Seas of RAS Composition, structure, and dynamics of communities of fish and decapods off the southern coast of the Crimea (the Black Sea) 2024-02-12T07:08:58+00:00 E. Karpova V. Gubanov E. Abliazov S. Statkevich <p>Under climatic and anthropogenic factors, the Black Sea ecosystem is being transformed and replenished with new species of fish and Decapoda. Therefore, regular monitoring studies become relevant which allow identifying the effect of these processes on biocenoses of the Crimean Peninsula coastal waters. The aim of this work was to investigate taxonomic, structural, and quantitative characteristics of decapods and ichthyofauna of the Black Sea in the area of the Cape Martyan nature reserve. To make the results more complete, both adult individuals and planktonic and larval stages were sampled and analyzed. Fish and decapods were sampled with fixed nets, bottom traps, and hand nets. Ichthyoplankton and Decapoda larvae were sampled with an ichthyoplankton cone-shaped net IKS-80. For decapods, a high level of species diversity was revealed: those were represented by 17 species from 14 families. Two species, <em>Alpheus dentipes</em> Guérin, 1832 and <em>Lysmata seticaudata</em> (Risso, 1816), were recorded in the study area for the first time. The taxonomic composition of ichthyofauna was formed by about 30 species, mostly benthic and demersal fish. The structure of fish communities was quite stable; there was a trend towards an increase in diversity, a decrease in the prevalence of certain species, and an overall improvement in their state. A rise in abundance of some Atlantic–Mediterranean species, such as <em>Serranus scriba</em> (Linnaeus, 1758) and <em>Chromis chromis</em> (Linnaeus, 1758), can serve as an indicator of variations in hydrological and hydrochemical parameters of the environment related to general climate and ecological changes. The values of the quantitative parameters of fish eggs and larvae, (76.3 ± 11.4) and (18.8 ± 4.6) ind.·m<sup>−2</sup>, respectively, were sufficiently high for the Black Sea coastal waters. However, the proportion of living, normally developing fish eggs in the water area was low, 28.6% of the total. The data obtained can be used for comparative analysis during long-term monitoring in the Black Sea water area.</p> 2024-05-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 A. O. Kovalevsky Institute of Biology of the Southern Seas of RAS The infestation status of symbiotic crustaceans on the swimming crab Charybdis truncata (Fabricius, 1798) from Nha Trang Bay, Vietnam (the East Sea) 2024-02-12T07:17:30+00:00 Le Thi Kieu Oanh Vo Thi Ha Nguyen Phuong Lien V. Yurakhno Binh Thuy Dang <p>Symbioses are common relationships between organisms in marine ecosystems. Out of crabs belonging to the family Portunidae, an economically important one, <em>Charybdis truncata</em> (Fabricius, 1798) is a widely distributed species. However, the studies on its symbiotic assemblages are still limited. A total of 408 <em>C. truncata</em> were sampled in Nha Trang Bay (Khanh Hoa province, Vietnam, the East Sea) in January–August 2022. Symbionts were classified based on morphological characters. Statistical analysis was applied to compare the infestation status of symbionts. Six symbiotic species were detected, including four epibiotic barnacles [<em>Octolasmis angulata</em> (Aurivillius, 1894), <em>Octolasmis alata</em> (Aurivillius, 1894), <em>Octolasmis warwicki</em> Gray, 1825, and <em>Dianajonesia tridens</em> (Aurivillius, 1894)] and two obligate unidentified parasites [<em>Cancrion</em> sp. and <em>Sacculina</em> sp.]. Out of them, <em>O. alata</em> and <em>Cancrion</em> sp. were recorded on <em>C. truncata</em> for the first time. The overall prevalence of symbionts on the swimming crab hosts was 13%, and the number of infecting symbiont species on hosts ranged within 1–4. <em>O. angulata</em> was the dominant species, with the prevalence of 6.9%. The prevalence of this symbiotic species was significantly higher in ovigerous female crabs compared to non-ovigerous ones. Moreover, there was a noticeable rise in <em>O. angulata</em> prevalence rates as crab size increased. No significant differences were revealed in the mean intensity of symbionts by sex, reproductive status of females, and size of the crab hosts. The initial morphological modifications caused by infecting parasites, <em>Cancrion</em> sp. and <em>Sacculina</em> sp., were recorded and described. These findings provide data on the status of natural infection of symbiotic species on <em>C. truncata</em> as a basis for the management of commercial species and aquaculture development.</p> 2024-05-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 A. O. Kovalevsky Institute of Biology of the Southern Seas of RAS About the finding of Lepidochitona cinerea (Linnaeus, 1767) in the Tsemes Bay (the Black Sea) 2024-02-12T07:14:02+00:00 V. Solyannikov M. Stepanov <p>Chitons inhabiting natural hard substrates in the Tsemes Bay pseudolittoral from the central beach of Novorossiysk to the Cape Khako were investigated in summer and winter periods of 2022–2023. For the first time in the Tsemes Bay, a local population of <em>Lepidochitona cinerea</em> (Linnaeus, 1767) (Polyplacophora, Tonicellidae) was recorded on substrates of sedimentary origin. It is a rare species, and over the past 70 years, it was found in waters of the North Caucasus only three times. We registered 34 <em>L. cinerea</em> specimens with a maximum shell length of 8 mm. The age of the largest individuals (three years) was determined by the annual rings of the apex of the first shell shield. The species is distributed in the upper horizon of the Cape of Love pseudolittoral and is confined to supralittoral baths. A similar biotope, where the chiton was found as well, was discovered in 50 km from the Tsemes Bay. As assumed, the occurrence of the mollusc in the water area is precisely due to the presence of this bionomic type of habitat – supralittoral baths which are not expressed in other study sites of the bay. The aim of the research is to describe <em>L. cinerea</em> populations in a previously unspecified biotope for this species and to identify the features of this biotope and its possible effect on the chiton occurrence. Information on the geographic distribution and biotopic confinement of the species was updated. The effect of ecological, hydrochemical, and geomorphological features of the biotope on <em>L. cinerea</em> occurrence was considered.</p> 2024-05-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 A. O. Kovalevsky Institute of Biology of the Southern Seas of RAS Spatial variability of thermohaline parameters and phytoplankton composition of West Antarctica in summer season 2024-02-12T06:53:04+00:00 D. Sharavin P. Belyaeva <p>Spatial variability of thermohaline characteristics (temperature, salinity, and dissolved oxygen) and phytoplankton structure (composition, abundance, and biomass) of the Southern Ocean during austral summer were investigated. New data were obtained for a little-studied area of Antarctica: on transects along the eastern border of the Ross Sea along W156° (T1, length of 35 km, 6 stations), near the Russkaya station (T2, 87 km, 13 stations), at the single station (Roosevelt Island area, Bay of Whales, Ross Sea), and in the Bransfield Strait (T3, 118 km, 11 stations). The relevance of the analysis of this area is due to its location on the border of the shelf and continental slope with different parameters of temperature and water structure. Low salinity and different temperature characteristics were revealed in surface waters of T1 and T2: lower values for T2 (−1.5 °C) and higher for T1 (0 °C). For the Bransfield Strait waters (T3), typical data on salinity and oxygen content were obtained against the backdrop of slightly increased temperature (up to +2 °C). For the single station, relatively fresh, cold, and oxygenated water of the upper 100-meter layer was recorded, and low temperature values of the bottom area, with high mineralization, were registered. In the phytoplankton composition of the study area, 48 taxa of microalgae from 5 divisions were identified (Bacillariophyta, 38; Dinophyta, Cyanoprokaryota, and Chrysophyta, 3 taxa each; and Haptophyta, 1) and 1 macrophyte taxon (Rhodophyta). The maximum similarity in the species composition of phytoplankton (on average, 43%) was typical for shelf stations in different areas. The total abundance of phytoplankton in the study area of the Southern Ocean ranged within 4.3–264.0 thousand cells·L<sup>−1</sup>, and biomass, 0.07–1.18 mg·L<sup>−1</sup>. The main contributors to quantitative characteristics of phytoplankton throughout the study water area were diatoms, mainly representatives of the genus <em>Fragilariopsis</em> Hustedt, confined to the shelf and coastal areas. At a distance and in the open sea of transects T1 and T2 deeper than 50 m and in surface waters of transect T3, <em>Phaeocystis antarctica</em> Karsten (Haptophyta) developed in mass. For T2, the dependence of phytoplankton abundance on water temperature and salinity was revealed.</p> 2024-05-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 A. O. Kovalevsky Institute of Biology of the Southern Seas of RAS Assessment of carbon stock in the Zostera marina Linnaeus, 1753 ecosystem on sandy sediments of the Srednyaya Bight (Peter the Great Bay, the Sea of Japan) based on field observations 2024-02-12T07:03:02+00:00 V. Shulkin V. Zharikov A. Lebedev K. Bazarov <p>Coastal seagrass ecosystems, particularly <em>Zostera marina</em> Linnaeus, 1753 ones, are capable of accumulating organic carbon by fixing carbon dioxide <em>via</em> photosynthesis. Seagrass biomass is considered as a short-term carbon storage, and underlying bottom sediments, as a long-term one. The research on organic matter accumulation by seagrass ecosystems is mostly carried out in areas with stable sedimentation. For such ecosystems, the importance of seagrass areas within the concept of blue carbon was shown. However, for the seas of temperate latitudes, coastal waters with unstable sedimentation and prevalence of sandy sediments are common, and the scale of carbon storage in seagrass ecosystems is not obvious. In this work, biomass and carbon stock in <em>Z. marina</em> leaves and roots, as well as C<sub>org</sub> concentration and carbon stock in the upper layers of bottom sediments (0.25 m and 1 m thick), were determined for typical habitats in the semi-open Srednyaya Bight (Peter the Great Bay, the Sea of Japan), where sandy sediments prevail. <em>Z. marina</em> roots were characterized by 3–20 times lower biomass than its leaves. This difference increased from April to July in accordance with seasonality. Carbon concentrations in the seagrass leaves and roots were similar (33.3 and 31.3% dry weight, respectively). In the habitats with a projective coverage of 50–80%, carbon stock in <em>Z. marina</em> tissues was (96.8 ± 37.4) g C·m<sup>−2</sup>; with 100% coverage, the value increased to 253 g C·m<sup>−2</sup>. C<sub>org</sub> concentration in bottom sediments of the Srednyaya Bight ranged within 0.04–0.46% and correlated with content of silt fractions. Under dense <em>Z. marina</em> coverage, C<sub>org</sub> content and the fraction of silt particles in sediments were higher than under sparse ones. The vertical distribution of C<sub>org</sub> concentration within the upper 15–35-cm layer did not reveal a downward trend in the cores. The main factor controlling C<sub>org</sub> content was the particle-size distribution of sediments, which suggests a weak expression of reduction diagenesis and the effect of wave mixing of the upper layer of sandy sediments. Data on the bulk density and C<sub>org</sub> concentration in sediments allowed to calculate carbon stock for the layers of 0.25 and 1 m. The quota of organic carbon in the seagrass tissues did not exceed a third of its amount in the upper layer (0.25 m) of underlying sandy sediments. When extrapolated to a 1 m thick layer, the quota of bottom sediments to C<sub>org</sub> pool exceeds 90%. Organic carbon enrichment of sandy sediments under the seagrass beds compared to sands of similar particle size beyond the seagrass beds indicates a significant role of <em>Z. marina</em> in carbon storage, even in the habitats with the lack of stable and intensive sedimentation. The major factor controlling carbon stock in <em>Z. marina</em> ecosystems is C<sub>org</sub> content in underlying bottom sediments which depends primarily on their particle-size distribution. In this case, the range of variation in carbon stock in the upper layer is an order of magnitude or more. Maps of the seagrass distribution in April and July 2021 were built. The absolute values of carbon stock were calculated, both accumulated in <em>Z. marina</em> biomass and deposited in the seagrass-covered sediments. The area of potential <em>Z. marina</em> distribution in the Srednyaya Bight was modelled using the MaxEnt 3.4.4 program. According to the results, areas with a predicted probability exceeding 0.5 for the seagrass occurrence occupy about a third of the total area of the bight; out of them, the area with a probability of <em>Z. marina</em> occurrence exceeding 0.75 accounts for 11.83 hectares. In fact, the seagrass meadows occupied &gt; 70% of the area with a predicted probability of the species occurrence exceeding 0.5. As shown, the assessment of the contribution of seagrass ecosystems to the storage of carbon accumulating in the coastal zone requires differentiation of water areas by sedimentation regimes and types of bottom sediments. Moreover, the creation of databases with data on C<sub>org</sub> concentration and stock <em>per</em> unit area is needed. Information on the areas of ecosystem distribution obtained by direct mapping and remote sensing is of high significance as well.</p> 2024-05-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 A. O. Kovalevsky Institute of Biology of the Southern Seas of RAS In memoriam: Vladislav Khlebovich, the outstanding Russian hydrobiologist 2024-05-20T07:50:28+00:00 <p>On 23, February, 2024, D. Sc. Vladislav Khlebovich passed away. He was an outstanding hydrobiologist and zoologist, organizer and active participant in numerous expeditions, and author of about 200 scientific publications.</p> 2024-05-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 A. O. Kovalevsky Institute of Biology of the Southern Seas of RAS