Artemov Yu. G., Sadogurskiy S. Ye., Plugatar Yu. V., Belich T. V., Sadogurskaya S. A., Evtushenko D. B. Hydroacoustic survey of benthic macro-vegetation in the protected offshore area of Cape Martyan (Crimea, Black Sea). Marine Biological Journal, 2019, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 15-25. https://doi.org/10.21072/mbj.2019.04.3.02



Survey of benthic macro-vegetation (BMV) was conducted within the marine part of the nature reserve “Cape Martyan” (the South Coast of Crimea) using hydrobotanical (contact) and hydroacoustic (remote sensing) methods. It clearly showed a fundamental possibility and efficiency of using mobile acoustic equipment based on the SeaCharter 480 DF echo sounder and specialized software WaveLens for detecting and studying general nature of BMV, as well as for identifying BMV boundaries, projective cover, height, etc. The method, including software, was adapted and tested to automatically determine the height of BMV from the sound backscatter profile. In good conformity with data of contact methods, the zonality of BMV distribution along the coastline with a propagation boundary limited by 10–12 m isobaths was shown using acoustic method. The total area of BMV is of about 0.39 km²; the maximum values of the projective cover reach 95–97 % at a depth of 2–3 m, but decrease to 50–70 % at greater depth boundary. It is established that the total stocks of sublittoral BMV reach 1431.3 tones, of which 99.6 % are in the community of Cystoseira. It is noted that cystoseires (Cystoseira barbata (Stackhouse) C. Agardh, 1820 and Cystoseira crinita Duby, 1830) and seagrasses (Zostera marina Linnaeus, 1753 and Zostera noltei Hornemann, 1832), whose communities dominate the vegetation cover of the area, are strong sound scatterers due to high acoustic impedance between air containing in organs and tissues and seawater, which significantly increases the efficiency of detection and description of BMV. At depths of up to 32 m, unidentified bottom acoustic objects in the form of single or group targets up to 2–4 m were recorded at the lower boundary of the BMV; their nature is probably different and is due to the presence of methane seeps or dense accumulations of fish in the studied area. The attention is drawn that conducting a quantitative study of BMV using hydroacoustic methods reduces the negative transforming effect on the object of study, since it does not imply a significant removal of BMV, for example, during mapping. This is especially important in the conditions of nature reserve regime within the specially protected natural areas (SPNA). The study clearly showed the effectiveness of the joint use of contact and distance methods. The results of this study form the basis of the BMV hydroacoustic monitoring; they will be used to map vegetation cover and to determine algae abundance in the protected coastal-marine area near Cape Martyan and other aquatic SPNA.


Yu. G. Artemov



S. Ye. Sadogurskiy



Yu. V. Plugatar



T. V. Belich



S. A. Sadogurskaya



D. B. Evtushenko



Белич Т. В., Садогурский С. Е., Садогурская С. А. Ревизия флоры макрофитов заповедника «Мыс Мартьян» // Труды Карадагской научной станции им. Т. И. Вяземского – природного заповедника РАН. 2018. Вып. 3 (7). С. 3–21. [Belich T. V., Sadogurskiy S. Ye., Sadogurskaya S. A. Revision flora of makrofytes of the Mys Martyan Nature Reserve. Trudy Karadagskoi nauchnoi stantsii im. T. I. Vyazemskogo – prirodnogo zapovednika RAN, 2018, iss. 3 (7), pp. 3–21. (in Russ.)]. https://doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.2.17236.45440

Гаврилов Е. Н. Методические особенности мониторинга запаса ламинариевых водорослей техническими средствами // Известия Южного федерального университета. Технические науки. 2009. № 6 (95). С. 51–56. [Gavrilov E. N. Methods of monitoring of laminaria algae with the use of some technical facilities. Izvestiya Federal’nogo yuzhnogo universiteta. Tekhnicheskie nauki, 2009, no. 6 (95), pp. 51–56. (in Russ.)]

Егоров В. Н., Плугатарь Ю. В., Малахова Т. В., Садогурский С. Е., Мосейченко И. Н. Обнаружение струйных газовыделений в акватории у Мыса Мартьян // Бюллетень Никитского ботанического сада. 2018. № 126. С. 9–13. [Egorov V. N., Plugatar Yu. V., Malakhova T. V., Sadogursky S. Ye., Moseichenko I. N. Gas seeps detection offshore the Martian Cape. Byulleten’ Nikitskogo botanicheskogo sada, 2018, no. 126, pp. 9–13. (in Russ.)]

Калугина А. А. Исследование донной растительности Чёрного моря с применением легководолазной техники // Морские подводные исследования. Москва : Наука, 1969. С. 105–113. [Kalugina A. A. Investigation of the bottom vegetation of the Black Sea with the use of diver technique. In: Morskie podvodnye issledovaniya. Moscow: Nauka, 1969, pp. 105–113. (in Russ.)]

Калугина-Гутник А. А. Фитобентос Чёрного моря. Киев : Наукова думка, 1975. 248 с. [Kalugina-Gutnik A. A. Fitobentos Chernogo morya. Kyiv: Naukova dumka, 1975, 248 p. (in Russ.)]

Кузнецов М. Ю., Жильцова Л. В., Убарчук И. А., Сыроваткин Е. В. Гидроакустические исследования запасов и распределения морской водоросли анфельции тобучинской Ahnfeltia tobuchiensis в заливе Петра Великого // Вопросы рыболовства. 2014. Т. 15, № 1. С. 140–150. [Kuznetsov M. Yu., Giltsova L. V., Ubarchuk I. A., Syrovatkin E. V. Hydroacoustic researches of distribution and stocks of seaweed Ahnfeltia tobuchiensis in the Great Peter Bay. Voprosy rybolovstva, 2014, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 140–150. (in Russ.)]

Куликова Н. М., Иванова И. К. Анатомо-морфологическая характеристика Zostera marina L. из Севастопольской бухты // Биология моря. 1972. Вып. 26. С. 133–145. [Kulikova N. M., Ivanova I. K. Anatomical and morphological characteristics of Zostera marina from Sevastopol Bay. Biologiya morya, 1972, iss. 26, pp. 133–145. (in Russ.)]

Маслов И. И., Куропатов Л. А. К детальному описанию биоценоза цистозиры заповедника «Мыс Мартьян» // Бюллетень Никитского ботанического сада. 1987. Вып. 63. С. 13–17. [Maslov I. I., Kuropatov L. A. To the detailed description of the biocenosis of cystoseires of the Cape Martyan Nature Reserve. Byulleten’ Nikitskogo botanicheskogo sada, 1987, no. 63, pp. 13–17. (in Russ.)]

Плугатарь Ю. В., Багрикова Н. А., Белич Т. В., Костин С. Ю., Крайнюк Е. С., Маслов И. И., Садогурский С. Е., Садогурская С. А., Саркина И. С. Природный заповедник «Мыс Мартьян» / [изд. 2-е, испр. и доп.]. Симферополь : ИТ «Ариал», 2018. 104 с. [Plugatar Yu. V., Bagrikova N. A., Belich T. V., Kostin S. Yu., Krainyuk E. S., Maslov I. I., Sadogurskiy S. E., Sadogurskaya S. A., Sarkina I. S. Cape Martian Nature Reserve / [2nd ed., rev. and add.]. Simferopol: PP “ARIAL”, 2018, 104 p. (in Russ.)]

Погребняк И. И., Маслов И. И. К изучению донной растительности района мыса Мартьян // Труды Никитского ботанического сада. 1976. Вып. 70. С. 105–113. [Pogrebnyak I. I., Maslov I. I. To the study of the bottom vegetation of the Cape Martyan area. Trudy Nikitskogo botanicheskogo sada, 1976, vol. 70, pp. 105–113. (in Russ.)]

Пронина О. А., Дегтев А. И., Кудрявцев В. И., Воробьев А. В. Опыт количественной оценки запасов макрофитов Белого моря гидроакустическим методом // Рыбное хозяйство. 2004. № 3. С. 36–39. [Pronina O. A., Degtev A. I., Kudryavtsev V. I., Vorob’ev A. V. Opyt kolichestvennoi otsenki zapasov makrofitov Belogo morya gidroakusticheskim metodom. Rybnoe khozyaistvo, 2004, no. 3, pp. 36–39. (in Russ.)]

Садогурский С. Е. Эколого-биологические особенности видов рода Zostera L. у Южного берега Крыма // Бюллетень Никитского ботанического сада. 1998. Вып. 80. С. 27–36. [Sadogurskiy S. Ye. Ecological-biological characteristic of species of genus Zostera L. near the Southern Coast of Crimea. Byulleten’ Nikitskogo botanicheskogo sada, 1998, iss. 80, pp. 27–36. (in Russ.)]

Садогурский С. Е. Альгофлора фитоценозов Zostera L. у Южного берега Крыма // Бюллетень Никитского ботанического сада. 1998. Вып. 80. С. 36–48. [Sadogurskiy S. Ye. Seaweed of phytocenoses of Zostera L. near the Southern Coast of Crimea. Byulleten’ Nikitskogo botanicheskogo sada, 1998, iss. 80, pp. 36–48. (in Russ.)]

Artemov Yu. G. Software support for investigation of natural methane seeps by hydroacoustic method. Morskoj ekologicheskij zhurnal, 2006, vol. 5, iss. 1, pp. 57–71. https://repository.marine-research.ru/handle/299011/850

Guiry M. D., Guiry G. M. AlgaeBase. Galway: National University of Ireland, 2018. URL: http://www.algaebase.org [accessed 2019.01.12].

Mys Martian Nature Reserve. Natura 2000 Network Viewer. URL: http://natura2000.eea.europa.eu/Emerald/SDF.aspx?site=UA0000007&release=2 [accessed 2019.01.12].

Sabol B. M., Melton R. E., Chamberlain R., Doering P., Haunter K. Evaluation of a digital echo sounder system for detection of submersed aquatic vegetation. Estuaries and Coasts, 2002, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 133–141. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02696057


This work was carried out within the framework of NBG–NSC state research assignment No. АААА-А18-118013190157-1, IBSS state research assignment No. АААА-А18-118020890090-2, and RFBR grant р_а 18-45-920057.



Download data is not yet available.