Melnik A. V., Melnikov V. V., Melnik L. A., Mashukova O. V. Influence of invader ctenophores on bioluminescence variability off the coast of Western Crimea. Marine Biological Journal, 2020, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 67-75. https://doi.org/10.21072/mbj.2020.05.2.06



In the second half of the XX century, Black Sea ecosystem has undergone significant changes: a number of storm winds and upwellings decreased, precipitation abundance increased, coastal waters salinity decreased, temperature increased; moreover, ctenophores invaded. As a result, in the late 1980s, Black Sea pelagic ecosystem abruptly got restructured. This research is based on the studies performed in 1965–1966 and 2007–2012 near Sevastopol (Western Crimea) using the remote sensing data. Analysis of satellite data over the past 20 years showed the presence of positive dynamics in surface water temperature in Sevastopol water area. In the mid-1960s, the annual bioluminescence was characterized by seasonal peaks of dinophytes luminescence. In recent years, this rhythm has changed due to ctenophores invasion. The increase in Mnemiopsis leidyi abundance leads to a decrease in bioluminescence of luminous microalgae being consumed by these ctenophores. Due to Beroe ovata invasion and reproduction, M. leidyi biomass decreased; as a result, bioluminescence increased.


A. V. Melnik

junior researcher



V. V. Melnikov

leading researcher, PhD



L. A. Melnik

leading engineer


O. V. Mashukova

head of department, PhD




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This work was carried out within the framework of government research assignments of IBSS “Superposition of physical, chemical, and biological processes in the formation of the quality of the marine environment and the functional state of aquatic organisms in the Sea of Azov – Black Sea basin” (No. АААА-А18-118020790154-2) and “Functional, metabolic, and toxicological aspects of the existence of hydrobionts and their populations in biotopes with different physical and chemical regimes” (No. АААА-А18-118021490093-4) and partly supported by the grant of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (No. 18-45-920015). Method development was carried out within the framework of the project “Comprehensive studies of the current state of the ecosystem of the Atlantic sector in the Antarctic” (No. АААА-А19-119100290162-0).



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