Mashukova O. V., Tokarev Yu. N. Variability of Mnemiopsis leidyi A. Agassiz (Ctenophora: Lobata) bioluminescence in relation to regeneration. Marine Biological Journal, 2016, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 36-42. https://doi.org/10.21072/mbj.2016.01.1.04



Our previous works have been shown the light-emission of Mnemiopsis leidyi A. Agassiz, 1865 and Beroe ovata Mayer, 1912 is species-specific and variability of bioluminescence parameters (amplitude, energy and also light-emission duration) depending on temperature, food supply and other factors. Revealing of M. leidyi light-emission variability during their regeneration after impactof predaceous organism B. ovata was the aim of our investigations. Definition of ctenophores bioluminescence characteristics was carry out on the laboratory complex “Light”. The ctenophore bioluminescence was investigated by method  of mechanical and chemical stimulation. The ctenophores, which were seriously injured but preserved their statocyst intact, went on actively moving but the characteristics of their light-emission lessened to minimal – 17.08·108 quantum·s−1·cm2 and 1.37 s under chemical stimulation, and 14.85·108 quantum·s1·cm2 and 1.25 s under the mechanical impact, respectively. Having completed regeneration and restored the body weight to the initial, the ctenophores maximally increased light emission – to (332.33 ± 16.61·108) quantum·s1·cm−2 under the chemical stimulation and to (219.45 ± 10.97·108) quantum·s1·cm2 under the mechanical excitation. Assumptions of the factors having an impact on M. leidyi regeneration intensity and their luminescence variability of throughout this process are made. Consequently, the possibility of bioluminescence applying for species ecology specification is shown.


O. V. Mashukova



Yu. N. Tokarev




Аболмасова Г. И. Скорость энергетического обмена у Mnemiopsis leidyi (А. Agassiz) в зависимости от температурных и пищевых условий // Гидробиологический журнал. 2001. Т. 37, № 2. С. 90–95. [Abolmasova G. I. Energy exchange rate in Mnemiopsis leidyi (A. Agassiz) depending on the temperature and dietary conditions. Hydrobiological Journal, 2001, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 90–95. (in Russ.)].

Битюков Э. П., Евстигнеев П. В., Токарев Ю. Н. Светящиеся Dinoflagellata Чёрного моря и влияние на них антропогенных факторов // Гидробиологический журнал. 1993. Т. 29, № 4. С. 27–34. [Bityukov E. P., Evstigneev P. V., Tokarev Yu. N. Luminescent Dinoflagellata of the Black Sea as affected by anthropogenic factors. Hydrobiological Journal, 1993, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 27–34. (in Russ.)].

Машукова О. В., Ханайченко А. Н., Токарев Ю. Н., Бурмистрова Н. В. Влияние питания на биолюминесцентные характеристики гребневика Mnemiopsis leidyi (Ctenophora: Lobata) // Экология моря. 2008. Вып. 75. С. 42–47. [Mashukova O. V., Khanaichenko A. N., Tokarev Yu. N., Burmistrova N. V. Influence of nutrition on the bioluminescence characteristics of Mnemiopsis leidyi (Ctenophora: Lobata). Ekologiya morya, 2008, iss. 75, pp. 42–47. (in Russ)].

Машукова О. В., Токарев Ю. Н. Вариабельность характеристик биолюминесценции черноморского гребневика Beroe ovata (Ctenophora: Beroida) в связи с условиями питания // Экология моря. 2009. Вып. 77. С. 23–27. [Mashukova O. V., Tokarev Yu. N. Variability of the bioluminescence characteristics of the Black Sea ctenophore Beroe ovata (Ctenophora: Beroida) in connection with conditionsof nutrition. Ekologiya morya, 2009, iss. 77, pp. 23–27. (in Russ.)].

Токарев Ю. Н., Машукова О. В., Василенко В. И. Биолюминесценция черноморских гребневиков-вселенцев Mnemiopsis leidyi и Beroe ovata при механической и химической стимуляции // Экология моря. 2008. Вып. 76. С. 61–66. [Tokarev Yu. N., Mashukova O. V., Vasilenko V. I. The bioluminescence of ctenophore-aliens Mnemiopsis leidyi and Beroe ovata in the Black Seas at the mechanical and chemical stimulation. Ekologiya morya, 2008, iss. 76, pp. 61–66. (in Russ.)].

Jonathan Q., Henrya M. Q., Martindalea С. Regulation and regeneration in the ctenophore Mnemiopsis leidyi. Developmental Biology, 2000, vol. 227, iss. 2, pp. 720–733.

Haddock S. H. D., Case J. F. Bioluminescence spectra of shallow and deep-sea gelatinous zooplankton: Ctenophores, medusae and siphonophores. Marine Biology, 1999, vol. 133, pp. 571–582.

Haddock S. H. D., Moline M. A., Case J. F. Bioluminescence in the sea. Annual review of marine science, 2010, vol. 2, pp. 443–493.

Hernandez-Nicaise M. L. Ctenophora microscopic anatomy of invertebrates. In: Harrison F. W., Westfall J. A. (Eds). Microscopic anatomy of invertebrates. Vol. 2 : Placozoa, Porifera, Cnidaria, and Ctenophora. New York: Wiley-Liss, 1991, pp. 359–418.

Finenko G. A., Romanova Z. A. The population dynamics and energetics of ctenophore Mnemiopsis leidyi in Sevastopol Bay. Oceanology, 2000, vol. 40, no. 5, pp. 677–685.

Labas Y. A., Gurskaya N. G., Yanushevich Y. G., Fradkov A. F., Lukyanov K. A., Lukyanov S. A., Matz M. V. Diversity and evolution of the green fluorescent protein family. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2002, vol. 99, no. 7, pp. 4256–4261.

Martindale M. Q., Henry J. Q. Development and regeneration of comb plates in the ctenophore Mnemiopsis leidyi. Biological Bulletin, 1996, vol. 191, no. 2, pp. 290–292.



Download data is not yet available.